TMJ Dysfunction

The temporomandibular joint (TMJ) is the joint of the jaw that attaches the mandible to the skull. TMJ dysfunction affects millions of men and women and can be caused by a range of factors and conditions, including grinding of the teeth, jaw clenching, genetic malalignment of the jaw, and excessive gum chewing.

TMJ dysfunction can manifest in a number of ways, including, but not limited to, noisy popping or clicking while opening and closing the jaw, limited mobility in the jaw, pain while at rest or when chewing, uncomfortable bite or malalignment of teeth, tinnitus, or ringing or buzzing in ears, and headaches in the forehead or temple region.

Treatment of TMJ dysfunction may include stretching certain facial and neck muscles, postural retraining, and the use of modalities such as heat, cold, ultrasound, and electrical stimulation.